To you who teach badminton to someone someday [Instruction Manual]

(* This story targets my ex-students, but I am also writing for beginners to intermediates who have a history of playing badminton and will be teaching badminton in the future. Please read it.)

Long time no see.

It’s been a long time, do you remember? I’m Hiruta, who was a badminton coach. I’m sorry I can’t continue coaching until everyone graduates. Actually, I’m currently working in Kochi prefecture.
I’ve become a member of society from a university student, and the coach of badminton in Kanagawa prefecture can’t keep up with it, but I’m happy to be able to deliver a message in this way.

I was so excited to see you guys who had just joined the club and couldn’t hit the ball on the shuttle, growing up and defeating other players. Everyone was honest, swallowed quickly, and good at expressing joy, so I was really blessed with students. Thank you for sharing the excitement with us. It was really fun.

You guys have been taught as players, but I think I’ll teach someone someday. Even if you continue to play badminton, the skills taught by people will be very useful, and you will be able to think and play, which will greatly contribute to your growth as a player, so by all means to become stronger, we will talk about “teaching badminton” together. Let’s think about it.
There may be some difficult words. You can always ask questions on the internet, even if it’s a trivial matter.

Points to be aware of when giving advice

For reference, here are some of the variables I was concerned about when giving advice.

A: Whether the practice is "fun" (Who)
B: What is important in that practice (What)
C: How to use (Where)
D: When can it be used?(When)
E: How to get it understood (How)

I will explain each of them.

A: Whether the practice is "fun" (Who)

I was wondering if this wasn’t “playful” fun, but “a little more than my current skill” fun. If you let them play, it will make you feel like you are practicing, but it will not improve your strength, and it will not be fun if you impose your ideals and are forced to do difficult tasks.

(For adults: It can be interpreted as a “stretch zone” rather than a “comfort zone”, not a “panic zone”.)

That’s why it is necessary to factorize the player’s ability and make a plan such as “This can be practiced now”, “This is not something to do now”, “If you remember this pattern, other applications will work, so I want you to remember it”. Therefore, I think that people who have made various detours and tried it can present “fun” practice because they can factorize more finely.

For example, even in the basic pattern practice “All Attack / All Receive”,

"The smash return is first picked up by the avant-garde and then the straight ball is returned to the other side."

Let's say you want to practice this pattern.

(1: Smash / 2: Receive / 3: Avant-garde touch / 4: Return)

All you need to do this practice, at least

・ Stable smash of rearguard players
・ Straight drive return of receiver
・ Positioning of avant-garde players

is. So, if the receiver can’t drive back, this practice will be a so-called “panic zone” practice. (It’s too difficult to get used to.)

(If you are practicing the “panic zone”, you are likely to know which item you are stumbling upon, so there is also the advantage that you can easily return to the practice of that item 👍 (For example, “Drive return is not stable” Therefore, if a fluffy ball goes into the avant-garde and the avant-garde bangs and decides, “you can see that you need to practice drive return.))

Let’s carefully assess the skills of the players and let them practice optimally. (So ​​I chose Who.)

B: What is important in that practice (What)

For example, the main purpose of the previous practice was to learn the pattern of the receiver (in detail, let the avant-garde take it, how to carry the ball between the avant-garde and the rearguard, the length of the ball, and dropped it there. What kind of ball is easy for the rear opponent to hit, etc …), it is not a practice for the avant-garde. Through practice, your avant-garde will improve, but what you need to improve most is … the receiver.

It is the role of the coach to prevent the players from mistaking this.

Just because it feels good to decide in the avant-garde doesn’t mean that the rally will end in the avant-garde. When practicing as a team, there is always a difference in ability between players, and the mistakes that tend to occur due to that are

・ Practice efficiency will decrease because players who do not meet the above requirements will be invited to participate in the practice.
・ A player with higher ability does not practice “comfortable play” of other players (eg, the avant-garde decides with all his might, the ball is read ahead and touched with a too fast touch, etc.)
・ The receiver is too particular about the fine quality of the ball, making more mistakes and taking time to learn the pattern.

And so on. It is the role of the coach to prevent this. Think about what each coach should do.

Be careful not to misunderstand what you should practice and learn.

C: How to use (Where)

Why is it Where?

I will repost the content of the practice.

“The smash return is first picked up by the avant-garde and then the straight ball is returned to the other side.”

You need to think about how this pattern works in a match. It’s often said, “Don’t practice for practice.”

Now, let’s take a look at the positions of the four people after this pattern has gone through.

Only the arrow of “4: Return to cross” is left. The opponent comes out like this because he is hitting a ball that the opponent’s rearguard must take.
Well, after this is important. What kind of ball will the opponent hit? With that in mind, where should we move before the opponent hits?

Racket Height: The opponent’s rearguard should hit the ball at least from under the net. So, let’s assume that you will raise the racket to some extent first.
(It is often said, “Raise the racket!” It is not always good to raise it, but it should be raised when it is assumed that the ball from the opponent is from below.)

Opponent Shuttle Course: Let's focus on the following four.
(Middle, drive etc. are excluded. If it is between the same level, it is good to practice assuming these 4 return balls. If you improve, you will need to incorporate drive etc. from here.)

1: Drop straight
Which of A and B should handle this? Intuitively, it feels like a nearby B.
2: Drop on the cross
How about this? If B is supposed to be 1 and B comes out in front of the straight, 2 will definitely kill you. If A was in the middle of the avant-garde, both 1 and 2 would be available.
So, the ideal position based on 1 and 2 is as follows. A should move to A’. In this case, no matter which course you come to, you will receive it in one step.

Please think about what will happen if you also consider 3 and 4 👍 As you can see, after practicing, it’s important (so Where) where to take the position after hitting the shot. It is the role of the coach to make the players aware of such things.

D: When can it be used?(When)

In “C: How to use what has improved”, I assumed that it would be after pattern practice.
But how do you get that pattern in the first place?

In the figures up to this point, the C and D players were supposed to be standing in the center. However, if you devise the rally before that, it is possible to bring two players to one side.

If you move it, the positions of A and B will also change. It is a good idea to devise a position before starting pattern practice.

It will be closer to practice if you think about how to adjust your opponent / their position (When) and then start the pattern.

E: How to get it understood (How)

It is necessary for the players to understand the above. Some directors and coaches shouted, ignoring the reasoning, grounds, and circumstances, such as "I'm gonna raise the racket for the time being!", "I'm going to come forward anyway!", "The guy who sank the receive should come forward!" There are some people who scatter it (Isn't it rare these days?), But I think it's a sincere attitude toward the players to try to get them to understand it.

So, for example, if the coach also goes on the court and B comes out in front of "C: How to use (Where)", he returns to the cross and decides, "Because this happens, A is A. I think it's better to give advice, "It's better to appear in'👍'."
I often go to the court and ask, "If you do this, you'll be decided, what should I do?" If anyone knows any other good advice, please let me know m (_ _) m

in conclusion

I think it is the most important thing as a coach or a teacher to protect “being sincere to the players”. I have the confidence that I was, but lol I would like everyone to teach me badminton with their heads.

As anyone who has played with me knows, I’m immature as a player. However, I can coach for beginners. If you are asked for advice, don’t think that you can’t teach someone to yourself, but try it. That will eventually improve you as a player.



Joint Researcher(Future of Humanity Research Center**** ****),Local Vitalization Cooperator in Kochi Prefecture

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Hiruta Ayato/蛭田彩人

Joint Researcher(Future of Humanity Research Center**** ****),Local Vitalization Cooperator in Kochi Prefecture